Research Articles

The Intracellular Loop 2 F328S Frizzled-4 Mutation Implicated in Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy Impairs Dishevelled Recruitment

Authors:

Abstract

Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a disease state characterized by aberrant retinal angiogenesis. Norrin-induced activation of Frizzled-4 (Fz4) has a major role in regulating beta-catenin levels in the eye that, in turn, modulate the blood retina barrier (BRB). Here we gain insight on the basis of the pathology of a FEVR implicated F328S Fz4 mutant by study. The receptor exhibits a substantially reduced ability to activate Lef/Tcf-dependent transcription. This impaired activation correlates with a decreased ability to stabilize and recruit Dishevelled-2 (Dvl2) to the cell surface. Aromaticity at position 328 of the intracellular loop 2 (iloop2) is revealed similarly as a prerequisite for Dvl2 recruitment to the Fz4. This aromaticity at 328 enables normal Norrin-induced canonical activation. The corresponding position in iloop2 of other Frizzleds likely functions in Dvl recruitment.

Keywords:

FrizzledFrizzled-4NorrinDishevelledFEVRWnt
  • Year: 2015
  • Volume: 10
  • Page/Article: 5
  • DOI: 10.5334/1750-2187-10-6
  • Published on 24 Nov 2015
  • Peer Reviewed